Wednesday, August 17, 2016

90 % शहद मिलावटी होते है ? घर पर जांचे

90 % शहद मिलावटी होते है ? घर पर जांचे:   बाजार में मिलाने वाले शहद में 90 % शहद में राइस सिरप , कॉर्न सिरप या शुगर सिरप मिला होता है।   जहा आप हनी का प्र...

Tuesday, August 16, 2016

ADULTERATION मिलावट -: मौत का चाईनीज मंझा

मौत का चाईनीज मंझा:   सरकार ने पतंग उड़ाने में काम आने वाले ‘चीनी मांजे’ पर तत्काल प्रभाव से प्रतिबंध लगा दिया, क्योंकि इससे पक्षियों, जानवरों और इंस...

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Friday, August 12, 2016

चीनी मॉल बेच रहे है बाबा राम देव ?


क्या चीनी मॉल बेच रहे है बाबा राम देव ?
स्वदेशी का डंका बजाने वाले बाबा राम देव आज कल भारत के दुश्मन चाइना का साथ देने के लिए में चर्चा में है।
खबर ऐसी है की पतंजलि कंपनी चीन से करोड़ो, अरबो का चाइनीज कच्चा मॉल खरीद के अपने प्रोडक्ट बना रही है। और उसे बेच रही है , अगर ऐसा है तो काहे का स्वदेशी डंका पिट रहे है बाबा जी। आप तो सबसे आगे निकल गए। आप तो अपने ही  होके भारत को ठग रहे हो।.

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Wednesday, August 10, 2016

ज़हर वाली दाल -खेसारी दाल

साढ़े पाँच दशक पहले सरकार ने जिस खेसारी दाल को प्रतिबंधित किया था, वह एक बार फिर सुर्खियों में है।
सस्ती होने की वजह से दुकान दार धड्डले से बेच रहे है खेसारी दाल। 
घर पर जाचने का तरीका :
खेसरी दाल की मिलावट अरहर और चना दाल में -  Adulteration of Khesari Dal (Lathyrus Sativus) in Arhar Dal & Chana Dal

Experiment No - 1.................................................................................

१ - लगभग १००ग्रम अरहर या चने की दाल ले
२- फिर उसमे खेसरी दाल को चित्र के अनुसार पहचाने
३- यदि एक भी दाना खेसरी दाल का दिखे तो उस दाल का प्रयोग
     नहीं करे क्योकि उसमे एक बहूत ही जहरीला पदार्थ
    β-oxalyl-L-α,β-diaminopropionic acid
(ODAP, also known as β-N-oxalyl-amino-L-alanine, or BOAA) जिससे Lathyrism होता है

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Tuesday, August 09, 2016

पतंजलि घी में मिलावट स्वमं घर पे जांचे ?

विधि : 
१. एक या दो ग्राम पिघला हुआ घी लेकर टेस्ट ट्यूब में डाले और उतनी ही मात्रा में 
concentrated hydrocloric एसिड उसमे मिला दे
थोड़ी सी चीनी डालकर उसे तेज़ी से हिलाए और पांच मिनट छोड़ दे
अगर यह मिश्रण लाल रंग का हो जाये तो इस घी में वनस्पति घी की मिलावट है
  IS : 15642 (Pt-2) 2006

Adulteration in Patanjali ghee

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Metanil Yellow in Gram flour - Adulteration of Metanil Yellow in Flour


Adulterant: Metanil yellow-
Metanil yellow is the Toxic non-permitted food color used extensively in Asian countries as food color.

Genuine Product: Gram flour without metanil yellow.

Health effect of Metanil yellow:
·         Disturb Central Nervous system.
·         Paralysis

Reason for adulteration: To increase the brightness of gram flour for look like a better quality.

Test Method:
1.    Title
Detection of Metanil yellow in Gram flour (besan)
2.       Principle
Color development                                   
3.    Reagents
  • Alcohol
  • Hydrochloric acid
4.     Apparatus
4.1.        Test tube
4.2.        Pipette.

5.     Procedure
·         Take half teaspoon of besan in test tube.
·         Pour 3 ml of alcohol in the test tube.
·         Mix up the contents thoroughly up by shaking the test tube.
·         Add 10 drops of hydrochloric acid in it.
·         Appearance of pink color in gram flour indicates the presence of metanil yellow adulteration.

6.    Calculation-

7.     Reference/Protocol
·         FSSAI Manual on adulteration, Part – 2.

Pickle Adulteration - Alum Adulteration in Pickles

Pickle Adulteration

Adulterant: Alum
Any form of aluminum sulfate could be called "alum," including toxic versions of the chemical. However, the type of alum you find used for pickling and in deodorant is potassium alum, KAl(SO4)2·12H2O. Sodium aluminum sulfate is a type of alum that is used in commercial baking powder.
Potassium alum has been used in pickles. The aluminum helps make the cell walls of fruits and vegetables sturdier, producing a crisp pickle or firm cherry. it is toxic in large doses. The current trend is to reduce reliance on chemicals to improve food texture. Alum may be used to soak some pickles, but it is no longer used in the final pickling solution.

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Flour Adulteration -Check at Home

Daily we are uses so many types of flours.
  • Wheat flour
  • Semolina 
  • Multigrain flour
  • Gram flour
  • Fine flour
  • Rye flour
or products that have formulated by these flours. 
Adulteration of Flour & Flour products
These flours may be adulterated with toxic substances or other cheap flours or other material that can increase quantity to  monetary beneficial for seller. 

Adulterant of Flour: 

  • Inferior grade flour - Corn meal in wheat flour, wheat flour in rye flour.
  • Copper sulfate also may be added to improve the appearance.
  • Stannous chlorid and potassium carbonate are added to flour cake to give the same color to the product made of molasses and a poor grade  of flour as that made  from good flour and  honey.
  • Alum as Flour bleaching agent is a food additive added to flour in order to cover up traces of bad flour, make it appear whiter (freshly milled flour has a yellowish tint),by bakers to make the bread white when a bad or cheap flour is being used, and to oxidize the surfaces of the flour grains and help with developing of gluten.

Detection of Toxic Lathyrus sativus flour in Gram flour: 

Genuine Product: Gram Flour (Besan)

Adulterant: Lathyrus sativus flour (Khesari flour)

Lathyrus   sativus  is   native  of  southern  Europe  and  Asia. Lathyrus sativus conations a toxic alkaloid-  β-oxalyl-L-α,β-diaminopropionic acid (ODAP, also known as β-N-oxalyl-amino-L-alanine, or BOAA), is responsible for lathyrism, a nervous disease that cripples man throughout his life.   This  disease is known  to result  from  an excessive  consumption   of the Khesari  flour (Lathyrus  sativus)  which  is a  hard  crop  with  wild  growth  and  drought  resistance   and is cheaper  than  other conventional   pulses.  Similarity   in appearance   with Bengal gram dal and Tur (Arhar)  dal has prompted  its use as an adulterant.  It is a very common adulterant in Bengal gram flour (Besan flour). Though  the existence  of the disease  has been  known  for a long time, no effective  steps have  been  undertaken  to control  it effectively.

Reason of Adulteration: Monetary benefit 

Test Method:
·         Add 50 ml of 10% diluted Hydrochloric acid to 10 grams of gram flour.

Adulteration Kills

Adulteration is the addition or removal of any substances to or from food, so that the natural composition and quality is affected. Adulterated food is impure, unsafe and not wholesome. Food can be adulterated intentionally and accidentally. Unintentional adulteration is a result of ignorance or the lack of facilities to maintain food quality. This may be caused by spill over effect from pesticides and fertilizers. Inappropriate food handling and packaging methods can also result in adulteration.

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Minerol oil adulteration in Hair oils and Edible oils

About Mineral Oils: 

mineral oil is any of various colorless, odorless, light mixtures of higher alkanes from a non-vegetable (mineral) source, particularly a distillate of petroleum,- like White oil,  kerosene oil, Paraffin oil and other petroleum product.

Health effect of Mineral oil as adulterant: Carcinogenic,

Method – 1:
Principle: The presence of Mineral oil is indicated by the development of turbidity when hot water is added to a freshly made alcoholic solution of the soap formed by the oil.

·         Take 2 ml of oil sample and add an equal quality of N/2 Alcoholic Potash.
·         Heat in boiling water bath (dip in boiling water) for about 15 minutes and add 10 ml of water. Any turbidity shows the presence of Mineral oil more than 1 % w/w.

Method – 2: Holde’s Test
·         Take 25 ml of the alcoholic KOH solution in conical flask and add 1 ml of the sample of oil to be tested.
·         Boil on a water bath using an air or water cooled condenser till the solution becomes clear and no oily drops are found on the sides of the flask.
·         Take out the flask from the water bath, transfer the contents to a wide mouthed warm test tube and carefully add 25 ml of boiling distilled water along the sides of the test tube.
·         Keep on shaking the tube lightly from side to side during the addition.
·         The turbidity indicates presence of Mineral oil, the depth of turbidity depends on the percentage of mineral oil present.

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Monday, August 08, 2016

Limca Ki Bottle Me Maaza

List of Antibiotics as per FSSAI with CAS No. And Limit

Limit as Per FSSAI
0.5* (Either individually or collectively)
5.0* (Either individually or collectively)

Sunday, August 07, 2016

List of Pesticides with Isomers and Analogs (Indivisual)

List of Residual pesticides according to FSSAI

S.No. Name of Pesticide with isomers as per FSSAI S.No. (Indivisual pesticides) Indivisual Pesticide Standard CAS No:
1 Aldrin, dieldrin (the limits apply to aldrin and dieldrin singly or in any combination and are expressed as dieldrin) 1 aldrin 309-00-2
2 dieldrin 60-57-1
2 Carbaryl 3 carbaryl (other Name- sevin) 63-25-2
3 Chlordane (residue to be measured as cis plus trans chlordane) 4 cis-chlordane          (alpha-Chlordane) 5103-71-9
5 trans-chlordane (Gamma-chlordane 5103-74-2
4 D.D.T. (The limits apply to D.D.T., D.D.D. and D.D.E. singly or in any combination) 6 4,4'DDD 72-54-8
7 2,4'DDD  53-19-0  
8 4,4'DDT 50-29-3
9 2,4'-DDT
10 2,4'-DDE 3424-82-6
11 4,4'DDE  72-55-9
5 Diazinon 12 diazinon 333-41-5
6 Dichlorvos (content of di- chloroacetaldehyde (D.C.A.) be reported where possible) 13 dichlorvos (DDVP, Vapona) 62-73-7
7 Dicofol 14 dicofol (kelthane) 115-32-2
8 Dimethoate (residue to be determined as dimethoate and expressed as dimethoate) 15 dimethoate 60-51-5
16 Omethiote (Dimethoate oxygen analog) 1113-02-6
9 Endosulfan (residues are measured and reported as total of endosulfan A and B and endosulfan-sulphate) 17 endosulfan I 959-98-8
18 endosulfan II 33213-65-9
19 endosulfan sulfate 1031-07-8
10 Fenitrothion 20 fenitrothion 122-14-5
11 Heptachlor (combined residues of heptachlor and its epoxide to be determined and expressed as Heptachlor) 21 heptachlor 76-44-8
22 heptachlor epoxide - isomer A 28044-83-9
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Saturday, August 06, 2016

Purity of Leather

Pure leather test

Drop a small amount of water on the good, as real leather absorbs moisture. If the good is fake, the water will simply puddle up on top. But real leather will absorb a small drop of water in only a few seconds , telling you quickly if it is genuine.